Who we are

FAFIA is an alliance of women's organizations at the national, provincial, territorial, and local levels.

What we do

Our mandate is to advance women’s equality in Canada by working for the full implementation of the international human rights treaties and agreements that Canada has ratified.

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Bill S-3 Victory

Bill S-3 Victory

For over 143 years, First Nations women and their descendants have had to fight a long and winding battle to dismantle the sex-based discrimination that has been perpetuated by the Indian Act. On August 15, 2019, these women, advocates, and communities celebrated a momentous victory for gender equality as the Government of Canada finally brought the outstanding provisions of Bill S-3 into force. These final Bill S-3 provisions will eliminate remaining sex-based inequities from the Indian Act and abolish the 1951 cut-off from the Indian Act registration provisions.

Go to the Bill S-3 page

Job Posting: FAFIA Executive Director

We're hiring!


The Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA) is currently hiring an Executive Director for a full-time position.


The Executive Director, in collaboration with the FAFIA Steering Committee, is responsible for the leadership and management of FAFIA. We are looking for a dynamic feminist who is committed to furthering women’s substantive equality and human rights.

Location: Ottawa, ON.

Hours: A standard work week, including evening and weekend work as required. This is a full-time permanent position, dependent on funding.

Salary: A competitive salary appropriately related to experience will be offered.

The perks:

  • A collegial and supportive work environment where work-life balance is valued
  • Working with an experienced and knowledgeable team on important social issues
  • National and international travel
  • A great compensation package including health/dental benefits and generous vacation
  • Flexible work schedules
  • Telecommuting opportunities

Sounds interesting to you? Read the full job ad here!  

A call for human rights oversight of government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic

A call for human rights oversight of government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic

Read the PDF version here

Regard for human rights is essential in times of crisis. Human rights principles provide a valuable framework for government action and establish crucial safeguards against abuses. Yet respect for human rights is particularly vulnerable – tenuous at best – in times of crisis. That holds true whether the crisis is related to national security, natural disasters or a public health emergency such as the COVID-19 pandemic. It is, therefore, a vital time to ensure robust human rights oversight: to encourage strong human rights measures are adopted by governments, and to guard against intentional or unintended human rights violations. Human rights obligations enshrined in international law, the Charter, treaties, legislation and other instruments make it clear what action governments must take to protect human rights – such as the rights to life, health, adequate housing and livelihoods – that are at risk due to the COVID-19 crisis. They establish clear requirements with respect to gender equality, non-discrimination and language rights, and highlight the necessity of deliberate action to protect fully the rights of marginalized individuals and communities. And they lay out the permissible limits on restricting other rights, to the extent that is necessary to address the crisis. The fact that the human rights obligations are clear, however, is not an assurance they will be upheld. That is of particular concern with many of the key human rights obligations that are at stake in the COVID-19 pandemic, including with respect to health, housing, food, safe water and other basic needs. Governments across Canada have long asserted that those and other economic, social and cultural rights are not amenable to the same enforcement as other rights, leaving their protection to the more uncertain and arbitrary political realm. However, international human rights standards require that economic, social and cultural rights be equally subject to effective oversight and enforcement as other human rights. This is particularly important during the current crisis. Too often, in times of crisis, human rights are dismissed by governments as being irrelevant and unnecessary at best, or unhelpful barriers to an effective response at worst. That is certainly so with the current COVID crisis. Governments face enormous challenges and need to make decisions rapidly. The public health risk is dramatic and the economic fall-out is spiralling exponentially. Understandably fearful and facing an information overload, people are less likely to second-guess government action and are inclined to give greater latitude to measures that significantly restrict their rights. Often overlooked is the greater or differential impact of the pandemic itself on First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities, Black and other racialized communities (especially individuals of Asian origin), the elderly, people living with disabilities, women and children at risk of violence in the home, refugees and migrants, people marginalized because of gender identity or sexual orientation, minority official language communities, prisoners, sex workers, people who are homeless or living in inadequate housing, people who use drugs, precariously-employed workers, and other at-risk communities. Governments have, importantly, taken action to respond to the needs of many of these communities, but more is needed, and oversight is a vital safeguard.
At the same time, bodies and institutions that traditionally play a central role in protecting human rights – including courts, and human rights commissions and tribunals – are facing considerable constraints and limitations. While some urgent matters are still being heard by way of video and telephone conferencing, many proceedings have been indefinitely adjourned and most new cases are not being scheduled. Moreover, due to the specific nature of the pandemic and the shutdown of democratic processes and civic space, public forums, such as parliamentary committee hearings and public community meetings, that serve as human rights accountability and transparency mechanisms of a sort, are now also unavailable. We are therefore calling on governments at all levels – federal, provincial, territorial and municipal – to take urgent steps to enhance and strengthen human rights oversight of their responses to the COVID- 19 pandemic, including by:
  • Ensuring that Indigenous knowledge-keepers, representatives of federal, provincial and territorial human rights commissions, representatives of relevant municipal human rights offices and language commissioners have or strengthen their official advisory role to special committees, emergency task forces, crisis response working groups and other bodies established by governments to coordinate their response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Immediately establishing or identifying independent human rights oversight committees made up of First Nations, Métis and Inuit representatives from both rural and remote Indigenous communities and urban centres, impacted communities, frontline service providers, human rights advocates, labour representatives, academics and other experts, with mandates to:
    • Identify measures needed to strengthen human rights protection in COVID response strategies;
    • Track human rights violations associated with COVID response measures, including through police enforcement;
    • Highlight information and statistics, disaggregated by sex, gender, Indigenous identity, race, disability and other identities, that are needed to improve human rights protection;
    • Ensure that governments apply intersectional gender-based analysis plus (GBA+) to all dimensions of their responses to the COVID crisis incorporating, inter alia, anti-racist, anti-ableist and anti-oppression frameworks;
    • Encourage and draw upon community-based human rights monitoring and reporting of human rights violations associated with COVID-19;
    • Make regular recommendations to governments; and
    • Report publicly on a regular basis, through mechanisms to be determined by the Committee, once established.

Letter to Ministers about First Nations child welfare case

The Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action has circulated an open letter to Ministers Lametti, Bennett, and Miller, which is attached here. The letter addresses Canada’s application for judicial review of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal’s decision regarding compensation in the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society case. We are particularly disturbed that Canada has decided to appeal the order for compensation to each child, parent, and grandparent affected by the discrimination. This is a case of egregious and long-standing discrimination against First Nations children, their families, and communities. Our government cannot continue to violate First Nations’ human rights and expect a nation-to-nation relationship. We are taking the steps that we can, and hope that, with support, we will be successful.

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